Engine seizure is one of the hazards that boat owners should know about. It happens when there’s inadequate oil in the boat. Regarding this concern, how often should you check the engine oil level (boat)?
Checking the engine oil level should be done 3 or 4 times yearly with a dipstick. This is a boat engine maintenance process that ensures the optimal performance of an engine. It is to make sure the boat can continue to run smoothly.
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Detailed Steps for Checking the Engine Oil Level
The concern about engine oil level is included in the regular vessel and engine maintenance program. Anyway, it only takes a few minutes to check the oil level. This short period and minimal effort improve your boat’s lifespan.
Aside from the recommendation of doing it 3 or 4 times a year, here are the detailed steps to check oil properly by using a dipstick.
- A dipstick can determine the oil level in a boat’s outboard engine. To do so, remove the engine’s cowling.
- Insert the whole dipstick into the oil fill tube after taking off the cowling. The ideal oil level is from the bottom and top lines of the dipstick. When adding oil, the level is usually over the entire line instead of being above the add line.
Don’t let the level rise above the add line as it results in overfilling. Also, it can blow the oil seal. Know about the level precision, which should be between FULL MARK and OP RANGE.
- Change the oil in your boat’s engine if the level is higher or lower than the said markings. Furthermore, you need to replace the oil, and an inaccurate oil level is a common case.
Follow the factory instructions when using the dipstick to avoid this issue. When there’s a low oil level or wrong spec, you may try to replace the dipstick. Be responsible enough not to ignore the tendency of overfilling.
For instance, the oil will aerate into froth while the boat is underway. It also destroys the pressure pump. If ever it’s difficult to read the lines on the dipstick, try to do it with clean oil. The sign that you have the correct reading is the letter ‘C.
Importance of Checking Your Boat’s Engine Oil
Whether you use automotive parts on a boat, outboard engine, or inboard engine, you’ll always need to practice engine care. It’s also applicable on a PWC or a small engine. The importance of this boat motor maintenance is found in this list.
- Keeps the engine clean
As oil keeps the engine clean, the boat runs at maximum efficiency. Debris, dust, and small particles are sent to the oil filter by the engine oil. By preventing dirt build-up, the engine is safe from damage.
- Safe and reliable boat operation
An oiled boat engine displays a big difference as it runs better. To prevent severe mechanical damage, see to it that good lubrication is given to the boat engine. So, you don’t have to spend more than what is expected for the maintenance.
- Prolongs the lifespan of a boat engine
Once the engine is oiled, it’s not only cleaned but friction within the parts is reduced. This means that the engine won’t be easily clogged and damaged. When the mechanical parts are not exposed to corrosion, they will surely last long.
- Improve fuel efficiency and lowers CO2 emission
It’s good that the engine parts are slippery because less force is needed to make them move. In this case, less fuel is consumed. On the other hand, overusing engine oil will result in friction that alters the energy efficiency of the boat engine.
In addition, high-performance oil like QuickSilver 25W-40 Marine Engine Oil and Pennzoil Marine Premium Plus can reduce pollution discharge.
- Reduces heat build-up
Heat arises from the movements of engine parts. Too much heat can damage the vital components of the boat engine. With the help of oil, the heat is taken to the cooler parts. So, the engine parts don’t have to stay under extreme heat.
Types of Oil
There are different types of oil for inboard boats and outboard boats. Every boater should know them to get the appropriate one.
- TC-W3 or Two-Stroke Oil
Even though two-stroke boat engines are no longer produced these days, older boat models still depend on them. These engines need specific oil called TC-W3 which is a combination of oil and fuel.
- FC-W or Four-Stroke Oil
The goal of creating modernized four-stroke engines is to have a smoother and cleaner run. Just like the previous engines, this modern engine requires a certain type of marine oil that works similarly to a truck or car.
In a four-stroke engine, there’s a separate oil reservoir for pumping the substance and sending it back to the sump. Furthermore, this part also cools and lubricates the engine.
- FC-W Catalyst Compatible
Some may be confused by this type of marine oil with the previous one. FC-W catalyst compatibility is made because some four-stroke engines have an exhaust that requires proper protection and lubrication.
Boaters shouldn’t worry about getting confused with the right marine oil for the boat’s engine. They can refer to the manual that shows the necessary oil.
Many companies produce marine oil but get those with the mark of NMMA or National Marine Manufacturers Association on the container.
What is engine oil and what does it do?
The engine oil is composed of base stock and additives. Moreover, 95% of this oil is made of base stock and it leaves 5% for the additives. The base stock is either petroleum or synthetic chemical. It can also be a mixture of both substances.
As per function, the base stock lubricates the moving components of the engine. It also eliminates built-up heat. Additives are present to control lubricity and oil viscosity. They protect the engine from wear and tear as well.
Which type of boat engine should you use?
When choosing the type of boat engine that you should use, you also have to consider the propulsion system. An expert technician or dealer can help you with it, but foundational knowledge can greatly affect your decision. So, learn about these types of boat engines.
- Outboard engine – Composed of a propeller, engine, and gearbox, this engine is known for its versatility. It’s ideal for pleasure boating, fishing, and water sports.
- Inboard engine – This engine is mounted in the boat’s middle part with a propeller and a rudder for steering. It brings out a predictable wave that favors wakeboarders. Because of this, it’s the right engine for water sports.
Vessels with higher torque and horsepower also need this engine.
- Sterndrive – A combination of outboard and inboard engines, it’s appropriate for applications that necessitate more horsepower, torque, and agility when docking and maneuvering. Thus, sterndrive is usually found in pleasure boats.
How to check the oil on a boat trailer?
It’s crucial to check the oil level on a boat trailer. You may need to do it regularly, especially when going on a long trip. Never miss doing it to prevent damage to the engine while on the road. You can use a dipstick too.
Also, do the following steps for precaution.
- Ensure that the lug nuts are tightened and the spare tire for the trailer is inflated.
- Before leaving, the trailer should be assembled properly. For instance, the boat trailer’s safety chains are crossed on the tongue that may hit the pavement.
- It’s advisable to use stainless snap shackles rather than ratchet straps.
- Don’t forget to check the coupler as well. It should be locked down to the hitch ball.
- Make sure that there’s no spill on the master cylinder cap seal and brake fluid.
How often should you check the engine oil level (boat)?’ It should be done 3 or 4 times every year. This frequency is enough to ensure that the engine can perform efficiently and your boat runs smoothly.
Checking the engine oil level is done correctly with a dipstick. As shown above, you have to know how to properly use this tool and read the lines to determine if the level is right or not.
Ten years of enjoying countless trips on boats never made me love them any less! So I am here to put all those experiences into good use for other boaters who want to have a safe and fun trip with their friends and families.